Nuclear Waste Sources in the Czech Republic
Radioactive waste is generated in the Czech Republic through the peaceful use of nuclear energy and ionising radiation in the industrial, health care and research sectors. When compared to other types of waste produced by mankind, the amount of radioactive waste and spent nuclear fuel is relatively small, i.e. it makes up just a few hundredths of one percent by weight of all hazardous waste. Moreover, the level of danger presented by such waste gradually diminishes over time.
The amount of low- and intermediate-level waste produced by the nuclear power sector and smaller generators in the Czech Republic each year totals approximately 450 tonnes. This includes not only waste produced by nuclear power plants, but also so-called institutional waste created in other areas of human activity. According to the Atomic Act, SÚRAO is responsible for the safe disposal of all radioactive waste in the Czech Republic.
Radioactive waste producers in the Czech Republic
In the Czech Republic, there are over 140 radioactive waste producers entered in the SÚRAO register. Only a small number of such producers are allowed to treat their own waste as well as waste from other producers into a form suitable for final storage and subsequent transfer to SÚRAO. The most important radioactive waste producers are as follows:
ČEZ, a.s. – annual production of waste of around 2,000 casks
ÚJV Řež, a.s. – annual production of waste of several hundred casks
UJP Praha, a.s. – annual production of waste of several dozen casks
VÚHŽ, a.s. – annual production of waste of several dozen casks
ZAM-servis, s.r.o. – annual production of waste in the order of several casks
VF, a.s. – annual production of waste in the order of several casks