Radioactive Waste Repository
There are three radioactive waste repositories currently in operation in the Czech Republic, the largest of which is the Dukovany repository located within the Dukovany nuclear power plant complex. The next largest, the Richard repository, is built into the Bídnice hill near Litoměřice and the Bratrství repository, located in the foothills of the Krušné mountains in the town of Jáchymov, is the country’s smallest operational repository. The total disposal capacity of all three repositories is just under 25,000 cubic metres, a negligible amount compared to the space taken up by municipal waste landfills. For example, the mixed municipal waste landfill site near the village of Uhy, north of Prague, has a capacity of nearly 3 million cubic metres.
In terms of its structure and level of safety, the Dukovany repository is comparable to similar facilities in western European countries. The Dukovany repository serves for the disposal of low- and intermediate-level waste generated by the Dukovany and Temelín nuclear power plants, whereas the Richard radioactive waste repository has, since 1964, been used for the disposal of so-called institutional waste. The Bratrství facility serves for the disposal of waste containing only naturally-occurring radionuclides and, currently, only a small amount of waste is being disposed of at this facility.